Lower extremities consist of different functional components: hip joint, muscles in the hip area, muscles in the thighs, knee joint, muscles in the leg, ankle joint, joints in the foot and the supporting muscles of their arches.
If the co-functioning of the different components is unbalanced, the consequence is a malfunctioning or straining disorder that causes pain, tension etc. By checking and restoring the co-functioning and the balance between the joints, supporting components and muscles, the physio therapist and osteopath can help with lower extremities.
Releasing tension in the different muscles/muscle membranes, mobilizing the joints and guidance for movement are used as therapeutic tools.
The model of functioning is as follows:
3) Stabilizing exercises
4) Strengthening exercises
Problems in the lower extremities can include e.g.:
– Knee/ankle/hip pain when resting or when strained (deficiency of movement in joint/muscle membrane)
– Unbalanced muscles in the lower extremities (tense/weak muscles-differences in sides etc.)
– Weak or malfunctioning muscles in the supporting arch muscles of the feet (often an initial reason behind the knee pain)